Cadw provides funding for archaeological excavations at sites in its direct care – guardianship sites - and more widely through the work of the Welsh Archaeological Trusts.
Excavations at Guardianship sites
Excavations at monuments in Cadw’s care are undertaken for a number of reasons:
- As part of the ongoing conservation programme where work has to be undertaken alongside or in advance of the repair and management of a monument.
- In advance of development work at our sites - for example, if a visitor centre is being extended or provision is being made for improved public access to an area of a monument.
- As part of ongoing research - to inform our understanding of a monument and to help us interpret the site for the public.
A recent example of a research excavation was carried out at Caerleon Roman fortress by a team from Cardiff University and the Institute of Archaeology UCL. Details of the excavation can be viewed at http://www.caerleon.net/history/dig/2010/index.html.
Excavations undertaken by the Welsh Archaeological Trusts
Most excavations that take place across Wales are undertaken in advance of development and are usually funded by the developer as part of a planning condition. However, many archaeological sites are threatened in other ways, for example as a result of coastal erosion or agricultural activity. Cadw frequently funds the rescue excavation of such sites as part of the grant-aided programme to the Welsh Archaeological Trusts [link to relevant part of web page?].
The archaeological trusts often provide opportunities for volunteers to get involved in such projects and hold open days for visitors to view the work. For further information about current grant-aided projects see the websites of the individual trusts at: